The Open Access movement in Turkey began mainly with the activities of ANKOS (The Anatolian University Libraries Consortium) Open Access and Institutional Repositories (OAIR) Working Group in 2006. With the participation of IZTECH (Izmir Institute of Technology) in OpenairePlus project in 2011, OpenAIRE 2020 project in 2015 and OpenAIRE Advance project in 2018, Open Access and Open Science practices gained tremendous momentum in the country.
“The National Open Science Committee” was set up by the Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council (TUBITAK) in the year 2015 and CoHE established "Open Science and Open Access Working Group" in the year 2018 and "Turkey Research Data and Open Data Task Force" sub-working group in 2019. T.C. Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanlığı (Republic of Turkey Ministry of Industry and Technology has been aiming the national research environment with a view to enhancing the competitiveness of the country in the international level.